Germany is home to several research infrastructures with global significance. These include:
- Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY)
- German Climate Computing Centre (DKRZ)
- Research Vessel “Polarstern”
Germany also contributes to the funding of infrastructures in other countries, e.g. the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. Germany provides 20% of CERN's budget, making it the largest contributor of funding to this most renowned centre of fundamental physics.
Research activities are performed in physics (fundamental research), earth sciences, climate research and humanities.
The Federal Government provides the majority of funding for large-scale equipment in basic research with an annual budget of 855 million euros (2010). The budget is also supplemented by international funding sources.