Länder Institutions

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The German federal states (“Länder”) act as research funding bodies and operate several research institutes which support state research activities. There are 130 institutes covering a broad range of research areas.

One example is the Centre for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research (ZSW). The co-founder of ZSW, Professor Dr. Werner H. Bloss, has been conducting pioneering research on unconventional energy transformation since the late 1950s. The state of Baden-Württemberg set up ZSW in 1988 as a non-profit foundation bringing together universities, research institutes and companies. One of the key research goals of ZSW is to develop technologies for generating sustainable and climate-friendly electricity. With its approx. 220 staff and 100 student and research assistants ZSW has established itself as one of the key European institutes in its field.

Facts and Figures

  • 130 research organisations
    in 16 German states (“Länder”)

  • approx. 6,300;
    3,100 scientists and researchers (2010, including municipal institutions)

  • 521 million euros
    for R&D: 274 million euros (2010, including municipal institutions)

Research Activities

Research activities are conducted in engineering, the humanities, health research and natural sciences.

Research Budget

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State institutions that conduct research are primarily state-funded with occasional external funding.